Authorization for TCP traffic

This task shows you how to set up Istio authorization for TCP traffic in an Istio mesh. You can learn more about the Istio authorization in the authorization concept page.

Before you begin

The activities in this task assume that you:

After deploying the Bookinfo application, go to the Bookinfo product page at http://$GATEWAY_URL/productpage. On the product page, you can see the following sections:

  • Book Details on the lower left side, which includes: book type, number of pages, publisher, etc.
  • Book Reviews on the lower right of the page.

When you refresh the page, the app shows different versions of reviews in the product page. The app presents the reviews in a round robin style: red stars, black stars, or no stars.

Configure access control for a TCP workload

By default, the Bookinfo example application only uses the HTTP protocol. To showcase the authorization of TCP traffic, you must update the application to use TCP. The following steps deploy the Bookinfo application and update its ratings workload to the v2 version, which talks to a MongoDB backend using TCP, and then apply the authorization policy to the MongoDB workload.

  1. Install v2 of the ratings workload with the bookinfo-ratings-v2 service account:

    Zip
    $ kubectl apply -f @samples/bookinfo/platform/kube/bookinfo-ratings-v2.yaml@
    
  2. Create the appropriate destination rules:

    Zip
    $ kubectl apply -f @samples/bookinfo/networking/destination-rule-all-mtls.yaml@
    

    Since the subset referenced in the virtual service rules relies on the destination rules, wait a few seconds for the destination rules to propagate before adding the virtual service rules.

  3. After the destination rules propagate, update the reviews workload to only use the v2 of the ratings workload:

    Zip
    $ kubectl apply -f @samples/bookinfo/networking/virtual-service-ratings-db.yaml@
    
  4. Go to the Bookinfo product page at (http://$GATEWAY_URL/productpage).

    On the product page, you can see an error message on the Book Reviews section. The message reads: “Ratings service is currently unavailable.”. The message appears because we now use the v2 subset of the ratings workload but we haven’t deployed the MongoDB workload.

  5. Deploy the MongoDB workload:

    Zip
    $ kubectl apply -f @samples/bookinfo/platform/kube/bookinfo-db.yaml@
    
  6. Go to the Bookinfo product page at http://$GATEWAY_URL/productpage.

  7. Verify that the Book Reviews section shows the reviews.

    With the MongoDB workload deployed and before we configure authorization to only allow authorized requests, we need to apply a default deny-all policy for the workload to ensure that all requests to the MongoDB workload are denied by default.

  8. Apply a default deny-all policy for the MongoDB workload:

    $ kubectl apply -f - <<EOF
    apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
    kind: AuthorizationPolicy
    metadata:
      name: deny-all
    spec:
      selector:
        matchLabels:
          app: mongodb
    EOF
    

    Point your browser at the Bookinfo productpage (http://$GATEWAY_URL/productpage). You should see:

    • The Book Details section on the lower left of the page includes book type, number of pages, publisher, etc.
    • The Book Reviews section on the lower right of the page includes an error message “Ratings service is currently unavailable”.

    After configuring that all requests be denied by default, we need to create a bookinfo-ratings-v2 policy that lets requests coming from the cluster.local/ns/default/sa/bookinfo-ratings-v2 service account through to the MongoDB workload at port 27017. We grant access to the service account, because requests coming from the ratings-v2 workload are issued using the cluster.local/ns/default/sa/bookinfo-ratings-v2 service account.

  9. Enforce workload-level access control for TCP traffic coming from the cluster.local/ns/default/sa/bookinfo-ratings-v2 service account:

    $ kubectl apply -f - <<EOF
    apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
    kind: AuthorizationPolicy
    metadata:
      name: bookinfo-ratings-v2
    spec:
      selector:
        matchLabels:
          app: mongodb
      rules:
      - from:
        - source:
            principals: ["cluster.local/ns/default/sa/bookinfo-ratings-v2"]
        to:
        - operation:
            ports: ["27017"]
    EOF
    

    Point your browser at the Bookinfo productpage (http://$GATEWAY_URL/productpage), you should see now the following sections working as intended:

    • Book Details on the lower left side, which includes: book type, number of pages, publisher, etc.
    • Book Reviews on the lower right side, which includes: red stars.

    Congratulations! You successfully deployed a workload communicating over TCP traffic and applied both a mesh-level and a workload-level authorization policy to enforce access control for the requests.

Cleanup

  1. Remove Istio authorization policy configuration:

    $ kubectl delete authorizationpolicy.security.istio.io/deny-all
    $ kubectl delete authorizationpolicy.security.istio.io/bookinfo-ratings-v2
    
  2. Remove v2 of the ratings workload and the MongoDB deployment:

    ZipZipZipZip
    $ kubectl delete -f @samples/bookinfo/platform/kube/bookinfo-ratings-v2.yaml@
    $ kubectl delete -f @samples/bookinfo/networking/destination-rule-all-mtls.yaml@
    $ kubectl delete -f @samples/bookinfo/networking/virtual-service-ratings-db.yaml@
    $ kubectl delete -f @samples/bookinfo/platform/kube/bookinfo-db.yaml@