Galley Configuration Problems

Seemingly valid configuration is rejected

Manually verify your configuration is correct, cross-referencing Istio API reference when necessary.

Invalid configuration is accepted

Verify the istio-galley validationwebhookconfiguration exists and is correct. The apiVersion, apiGroup, and resource of the invalid configuration should be listed in one of the two webhooks entries.

$ kubectl get validatingwebhookconfiguration istio-galley -o yaml
apiVersion: admissionregistration.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ValidatingWebhookConfiguration
metadata:
  labels:
    app: istio-galley
  name: istio-galley
  ownerReferences:
  - apiVersion: apps/v1
    blockOwnerDeletion: true
    controller: true
    kind: Deployment
    name: istio-galley
    uid: 5c64585d-91c6-11e8-a98a-42010a8001a8
webhooks:
- clientConfig:
    # caBundle should be non-empty. This is periodically (re)patched
    # every second by the webhook service using the ca-cert
    # from the mounted service account secret.
    caBundle: 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
    service:
      # service corresponds to the Kubernetes service that implements the
      # webhook, e.g. istio-galley.istio-system.svc:443
      name: istio-galley
      namespace: istio-system
      path: /admitpilot
  failurePolicy: Fail
  name: pilot.validation.istio.io
  namespaceSelector: {}
  rules:
  - apiGroups:
    - config.istio.io
    apiVersions:
    - v1alpha2
    operations:
    - CREATE
    - UPDATE
    resources:
    - httpapispecs
    - httpapispecbindings
    - quotaspecs
    - quotaspecbindings
  - apiGroups:
    - rbac.istio.io
    apiVersions:
    - '*'
    operations:
    - CREATE
    - UPDATE
    resources:
    - '*'
  - apiGroups:
    - authentication.istio.io
    apiVersions:
    - '*'
    operations:
    - CREATE
    - UPDATE
    resources:
    - '*'
  - apiGroups:
    - networking.istio.io
    apiVersions:
    - '*'
    operations:
    - CREATE
    - UPDATE
    resources:
    - destinationrules
    - envoyfilters
    - gateways
    - virtualservices
- clientConfig:
    # caBundle should be non-empty. This is periodically (re)patched
    # every second by the webhook service using the ca-cert
    # from the mounted service account secret.
    caBundle: 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
    service:
      # service corresponds to the Kubernetes service that implements the
      # webhook, e.g. istio-galley.istio-system.svc:443
      name: istio-galley
      namespace: istio-system
      path: /admitmixer
  failurePolicy: Fail
  name: mixer.validation.istio.io
  namespaceSelector: {}
  rules:
  - apiGroups:
    - config.istio.io
    apiVersions:
    - v1alpha2
    operations:
    - CREATE
    - UPDATE
    resources:
    - rules
    - attributemanifests
    - circonuses
    - deniers
    - fluentds
    - kubernetesenvs
    - listcheckers
    - memquotas
    - noops
    - opas
    - prometheuses
    - rbacs
    - servicecontrols
    - solarwindses
    - stackdrivers
    - statsds
    - stdios
    - apikeys
    - authorizations
    - checknothings
    - listentries
    - logentries
    - metrics
    - quotas
    - reportnothings
    - servicecontrolreports
    - tracespans

If the validatingwebhookconfiguration doesn’t exist, verify the istio-galley-configuration configmap exists. istio-galley uses the data from this configmap to create and update the validatingwebhookconfiguration.

$ kubectl -n istio-system get configmap istio-galley-configuration -o jsonpath='{.data}'
map[validatingwebhookconfiguration.yaml:apiVersion: admissionregistration.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ValidatingWebhookConfiguration
metadata:
  name: istio-galley
  namespace: istio-system
  labels:
    app: istio-galley
    chart: galley-1.0.0
    release: istio
    heritage: Tiller
webhooks:
  - name: pilot.validation.istio.io
    clientConfig:
      service:
        name: istio-galley
        namespace: istio-system
        path: "/admitpilot"
      caBundle: ""
    rules:
      - operations:
      (... snip ...)

If the webhook array in istio-galley-configuration is empty, verify the galley.enabled and global.configValidation installation options are set.

The istio-galley validation configuration is fail-close. If configuration exists and is scoped properly, the webhook will be invoked. A missing caBundle, bad certificate, or network connectivity problem will produce an error message when the resource is created/updated. If you don’t see any error message and the webhook wasn’t invoked and the webhook configuration is valid, your cluster is misconfigured.

Creating configuration fails with x509 certificate errors

x509: certificate signed by unknown authority related errors are typically caused by an empty caBundle in the webhook configuration. Verify that it is not empty (see verify webhook configuration). The istio-galley deployment consciously reconciles webhook configuration used the istio-galley-configuration configmap and root certificate mounted from istio.istio-galley-service-account secret in the istio-system namespace.

  1. Verify the istio-galley pod(s) are running:

    $  kubectl -n istio-system get pod -listio=galley
    NAME                            READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
    istio-galley-5dbbbdb746-d676g   1/1       Running   0          2d
    
  2. Verify you’re using Istio version >= 1.0.0. Older version of Galley did not properly re-patch the caBundle. This typically happened when the istio.yaml was re-applied, overwriting a previously patched caBundle.

    $ for pod in $(kubectl -n istio-system get pod -listio=galley -o jsonpath='{.items[*].metadata.name}'); do \
        kubectl -n istio-system exec ${pod} -it /usr/local/bin/galley version| grep ^Version; \
    done
    Version: 1.0.0
    
  3. Check the Galley pod logs for errors. Failing to patch the caBundle should print an error.

    $ for pod in $(kubectl -n istio-system get pod -listio=galley -o jsonpath='{.items[*].metadata.name}'); do \
        kubectl -n istio-system logs ${pod} \
    done
    
  4. If the patching failed, verify the RBAC configuration for Galley:

    $ kubectl get clusterrole istio-galley-istio-system -o yaml
    apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
    kind: ClusterRole
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: istio-galley
      name: istio-galley-istio-system
    rules:
    - apiGroups:
      - admissionregistration.k8s.io
      resources:
      - validatingwebhookconfigurations
      verbs:
      - '*'
    - apiGroups:
      - config.istio.io
      resources:
      - '*'
      verbs:
      - get
      - list
      - watch
    - apiGroups:
      - '*'
      resourceNames:
      - istio-galley
      resources:
      - deployments
      verbs:
      - get
    

    istio-galley needs validatingwebhookconfigurations write access to create and update the istio-galley validatingwebhookconfiguration.

Creating configuration fails with no such hosts or no endpoints available errors

Validation is fail-close. If the istio-galley pod is not ready, configuration cannot be created and updated. In such cases you’ll see an error about no endpoints available.

Verify the istio-galley pod(s) are running and endpoints are ready.

$  kubectl -n istio-system get pod -listio=galley
NAME                            READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
istio-galley-5dbbbdb746-d676g   1/1       Running   0          2d
$ kubectl -n istio-system get endpoints istio-galley
NAME           ENDPOINTS                          AGE
istio-galley   10.48.6.108:15014,10.48.6.108:443   3d

If the pods or endpoints aren’t ready, check the pod logs and status for any indication about why the webhook pod is failing to start and serve traffic.

$ for pod in $(kubectl -n istio-system get pod -listio=galley -o jsonpath='{.items[*].metadata.name}'); do \
    kubectl -n istio-system logs ${pod} \
done
$ for pod in $(kubectl -n istio-system get pod -listio=galley -o name); do \
    kubectl -n istio-system describe ${pod} \
done